Sensors, 19 (20). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI).
Future electrified autonomous vehicles demand higly accurate knowledge of their system states to guarantee a high-fidelity and reliable control. This constitutes a challenging task—firstly, due to rising complexity and operational safeness, and secondly, due to the need for embedded service oriented architecture which demands a continuous development of new functionalities. Based on this, a novel model based Kalman filter framework is outlined in this publication, which enables the automatic incorporation of multiphysical Modelica models into discrete-time estimation algorithms. Additionally, these estimation algorithms are extended with nonlinear inequality constraint handling functionalities. The proposed framework is applied to a constrained nonlinear state of charge lithium-ion cell observer and is validated with experimental data.
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